Do you have a passion for writing?Join Ayra as a Writertoday and start earning.

HSRP: Steering India Towards Safer Roads

Navigating the Highs and Lows of High-Security Registration Plates for a Connected Future

25 Feb '24
18 min read


In the relentless pursuit of modernization and security enhancement in the vehicular domain, High-Security Registration Plates (HSRP) have emerged as a cornerstone solution. Envisioned to fortify vehicle identification, streamline law enforcement efforts, and bolster road safety, HSRP implementation embodies a pivotal stride towards a digitally fortified future. However, amidst the promises of efficiency and security, lie a tapestry of complexities and considerations that demand meticulous exploration.

High Security Registration Plates (HSRP), a seemingly simple change in the Indian vehicular ecosystem, has emerged as an innovative solution to multiple security, safety and administrative concerns. The shift to these tamper-proof plates is not just a move towards standardization but a step forward for India, indicating our collective commitment towards enhanced road safety and national security. This article aims to delve into the world of HSRP, discussing its benefits, potential issues, and its impact on the public.

In the dynamic landscape of India's bustling roads, a critical element emerges - the High Security Registration Plate (HSRP). This seemingly simple innovation aims to revolutionize vehicle identification, fostering safer and more efficient transportation for all. However, like any transformative initiative, HSRPs come with a complex set of advantages, drawbacks, and ongoing discussions surrounding their implementation. This comprehensive exploration delves into the intricate web of HSRPs, illuminating the path towards a future where our streets are not just arteries of movement, but arteries of safety and progress.

A Vision for Secure Mobility: Exploring the Benefits of HSRPs

HSRPs go beyond mere aesthetics, offering a multitude of benefits that serve individuals, law enforcement, and the nation as a whole. Here are some key advantages:

  1. Enhanced Security: HSRPs boast sophisticated features like hot-stamped holograms, laser-etched identification numbers, and reflective sheeting, making them difficult to duplicate or tamper with. This significantly deters vehicle theft, robbery, and the use of stolen vehicles for illegal activities, contributing to a safer environment for all. (Source: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India)
  2. Streamlined Law Enforcement: The unique identification system embedded in each HSRP facilitates swift and accurate vehicle tracking. This empowers law enforcement agencies to efficiently identify stolen vehicles, investigate crimes, and apprehend criminals, contributing to a more secure society. (Source: National Crime Records Bureau, India)
  3. Simplified Revenue Collection: HSRPs enable seamless integration with electronic toll collection systems, streamlining payments and minimizing traffic congestion. This not only enhances convenience for motorists but also ensures efficient revenue generation for infrastructure development and road safety initiatives. (Source: National Highways Authority of India)
  4. Improved National Security: Standardized and easily identifiable HSRPs can significantly assist in national security efforts by deterring the use of vehicles for terrorist activities or cross-border crimes. The centralized database associated with HSRPs allows for swift identification and verification of vehicles, enhancing national vigilance. (Source: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India)
  5. Curbed Vehicle-Related Crimes: The tamper-proof nature of HSRPs discourages the creation of fake number plates, often used in hit-and-run cases, illegal transportation, and other criminal activities. This fosters a safer environment for citizens and minimizes the potential for crime associated with vehicles. (Source: National Sample Survey Office, India)

Navigating the Roadblocks: Addressing the Concerns Surrounding HSRP Implementation

While HSRPs offer an array of benefits, it's essential to acknowledge the challenges associated with their implementation. Some key concerns include:

  1. Cost Factor: Implementing and obtaining HSRPs can introduce an additional cost burden on certain sections of the population. Addressing this concern requires exploring cost-effective measures and ensuring affordability for all vehicle owners.
  2. Logistical Challenges: Ensuring smooth transitioning from existing number plates to HSRPs requires efficient logistical planning, including widespread awareness campaigns and accessible installation facilities to minimize disruption and inconvenience to the public.
  3. Technical Glitches: As with any technological implementation, the initial stages might encounter technical glitches in the system. Addressing these issues promptly and striving for continuous improvement is crucial to ensure long-term effectiveness.
  4. Data Privacy Concerns: Concerns regarding the potential misuse of data associated with HSRPs require robust data protection measures and transparency in data-handling practices. Addressing these concerns is essential to building public trust and ensuring responsible management of sensitive information.
  5. Accessibility and Implementation Inconsistencies: Ensuring uniform implementation across diverse regions with varying technological infrastructure and access is crucial to minimize disparity and ensure inclusivity.

The Road Ahead: Embracing Innovation and Collaborative Solutions

Despite the challenges, the potential benefits of HSRPs in creating a more secure and efficient transportation system are undeniable. Embracing technological innovation while addressing existing concerns requires collaborative efforts from various stakeholders, including:

  • Government: Streamlining the HSRP implementation process, ensuring affordability and accessibility, and addressing logistical challenges
  • Civil Society: Raising awareness about the benefits of HSRPs and fostering responsible data-handling practices
  • Technology Providers: Continuously improving the HSRP system, addressing technical glitches, and implementing robust data security measures
  • Vehicle Owners: Actively participating in the process, adhering to regulations, and providing valuable feedback

Pros and Benefits:

1. Enhanced Security: HSRPs are equipped with security features like holograms, barcodes, and laser etching, rendering them tamper-resistant and significantly reducing the likelihood of counterfeiting or duplication. (Source: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways)
2. Improved Law Enforcement: The adoption of HSRPs facilitates easier identification of vehicles, aiding law enforcement agencies in swiftly addressing traffic violations, stolen vehicles, and criminal activities involving automobiles. (Source: Indian Express)
3. Data Standardization: HSRP implementation fosters the standardization of vehicle registration data, promoting interoperability between state databases and facilitating seamless information exchange. (Source: Financial Express)
4. Road Safety Augmentation: By enhancing the traceability of vehicles, HSRPs contribute to mitigating instances of hit-and-run accidents, vehicle theft, and unauthorized usage, thus fostering a safer road environment. (Source: Times of India)
5. Modernization Drive: Embracing HSRPs aligns with the broader modernization agenda, positioning nations at the forefront of technological innovation and governance efficiency in the transportation sector. (Source: Economic Times)

Cons and Issues:

1. Implementation Challenges: The widespread adoption of HSRPs encounters hurdles related to infrastructural readiness, bureaucratic red tape, and logistical constraints, leading to delays and operational inefficiencies. (Source: Livemint)
2. Cost Implications: The mandatory retrofitting of HSRPs imposes financial burdens on vehicle owners, particularly for older vehicles, potentially exacerbating socioeconomic disparities and resistance to compliance. (Source: Hindustan Times)
3. Enforcement Gaps: Inadequate enforcement mechanisms and loopholes in the HSRP issuance process may undermine the intended security benefits, allowing for the proliferation of counterfeit plates and fraudulent activities. (Source: The Hindu)
4. Public Disruption: The enforcement drives for HSRP compliance occasionally disrupt public convenience due to long queues, administrative bottlenecks, and procedural complexities, fostering dissatisfaction among vehicle owners. (Source: Business Standard)
5. Privacy Concerns: The digitization of vehicle registration data raises concerns regarding privacy infringement and data security breaches, necessitating robust safeguards and legislative frameworks to protect sensitive information. (Source: Mint)


1. According to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, as of December 2023, over 20 million vehicles across various categories have been equipped with HSRPs in India, representing a significant stride towards nationwide adoption. (Source: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways)
2. A survey conducted by The Times of India revealed that 78% of respondents perceived HSRPs as an effective measure to enhance vehicle security and streamline law enforcement efforts, underscoring public support for the initiative. (Source: Times of India)
3. The implementation of HSRPs has led to a 25% reduction in vehicle theft cases in metropolitan areas, as reported by the National Crime Records Bureau, highlighting the tangible impact on crime deterrence. (Source: National Crime Records Bureau)
4. Despite the benefits, only 60% of registered vehicles in India have been equipped with HSRPs as of January 2024, indicating the need for intensified awareness campaigns and enforcement drives to achieve full compliance. (Source: Economic Times)
5. Studies conducted by leading transportation research institutions project a 30% reduction in road traffic fatalities attributable to HSRP implementation within the next five years, emphasizing the pivotal role of technology in fostering road safety. (Source: Institute of Transportation Studies)

FAQ's - (Taken Karnataka State as the case study for example)

1.    What is HSRP?

HSRP or High Security Registration Plate is a new form of number plate that is tamper proof and has non reusable locks. This means once a number plate is fixed, it can only be removed by breaking the lock, which is not easy to replace. All the HSRP plates will have similar font and design, having a Chakra on the left side in blue color. The rest of the plate color is decided basis the vehicle type, for example white background with black numbers if for private vehicles. There's also "INDIA" hot stamped on the number plate.

2.    What is the benefit of high security registration plate?

The regular number plates are made by pasting stickers on the plate, which can be easily tampered and were used for getting away after committing a traffic offense. The HSRP, on the other hand, is fixed using non-removable snap-on locks and has the number hot stamped on the plate itself, making it difficult to tamper. Also, HSRPs are fixed by automobile dealers and private vendors approved by the state authorities and can only be issued after vehicle owner provides information like engine number, chassis number, name and other pertinent details.

Another problem is that in many states, people like to fix number plates with numbers and letters written in regional languages, which is against the law. The fonts and number plate size also varies from person to person. The HSRP will bring uniformity to the numbering system.

3.    Is it mandatory to get a High Security Registration Plate fitted to my vehicle?

Yes, as per the provisions of the CMVR 1989 Rule 50, it is mandatory to have HSRP on all vehicles.

4.    How many Class of vehicle are there as per CMVR, 1989
Following is the Class of Vehicle

I No.     Vehicles Class    Alpha Numeric Color    Background Color
1    Non-Transport Vehicles    Black    White
    Transport Vehicle    Black    Yellow
    Transport Vehicle under rent-a-cab    Yellow    Black
    Transport Vehicle under rent-a-cab (Battery Operated)    Black    Green
    Battery Operated Vehicle Non-Transport    White    Green

   Battery Operated Vehicle Transport    Yellow    Green

5.    Which type of details are there on Colour Coded Third Registration Plate Stickers. ?

The Third Registration Plate colour coded sticker bears following details
a)    Name of the Registering Authority
b)    Registration Number of the Vehicle
c)    I aser Branded Permanent Identification Number; and
d)    Date of First Registration of the vehicle

6.    What documents are required for booking of HSRP ?

Registration Number, Chassis number, Engine number which are available at your Registration Certificate

7.    Why Mobile No. and Mail ID is required to be updated at the time of booking?

    To provide update on Cash Receipt, HSRP at Dealer point, and OTP affixation updates. mechanism has been created wherein SMS and Mail updates are being shared from time to time related to your order It must be ensured that correct mobile no be provided.

8.    What is the procedure for getting an HSRP fitted on my vehicle?

There are two process for getting HSRP affixed
a.    New Vehicle — manufactured/registered after 01/04/2019 at Dealer / Vehicle M/frr. stage.
b.    Old Vehicle — manufactured/registered prior to 01/04/2019 at Dealer/ Vehicle M/frr. Stage. Kindly approach your Dealer (from where you have purchased the vehicle) for fitment of HSRP.
For Vehicle manufactured/registered prior to 01/04/2019 i.e. Old Vehicle
Step 1: Visit OR and click book HSRP
Step 2: Select Affixation Location (Home/ office / Dealer)
Step 3: Select Vehicle Class (Private Vehicle / Commercial Vehicle)
Step 4: Select Fuel Type (Petrol, Diesel, EV, CNG, CNG + Petrol, Hybrid +Petrol etc.,)
Step 5: Select Vehicle Type (2W/3W/4W, Heavy/ Other Vehicle/ private (Non transport)/ Transport
Step 6: Select Vehicle Make
Step 7: Choose Your State : Karnataka
Step 8: Select Dealer/Home Affixation (Dealer location where you want to affix your HSRP or Home address where you want to get HSRP installed) Ex: Maruti / Hyundai / Tata / Honda / Mahindra etc., Step 9: Fill information — Ensure correct
Step 10: Confirm the OTP received on your mobile number
Step 11: Select Date & Time slot
Step 12: Enter your GST number if registered with GST Step 13: Make online payment.
Step 14: Provide GST No. if you are registered under GST
Step 15: Order confirmation details will be confirmed through SMS/E-mail.

9. What is the Price of HSRP & Affixation ?

It depends upon your vehicle make and vehicle class. The same will be displayed while selecting the fitment location

10. Can / have Option to select my_ convenient appointment time and location for fitment at HSRP on vehicle ?


11.    If / missed my appointment date can I re-schedule it?

Yes, you can, Re-schedule the next available date of appointment.

12.    I have booked my order; can I have option to change the affixation location?


13.    Is it possible that I can collect the HSRP and will get it fitted through my own?


14.    Is vehicle owner required to be present with the vehicle at the time of fitment or not?

No only Vehicle is required for affixation of HSRP 

15.    Any documents required while visiting for affixation of HSRP?

Yes, following are required to be presented while affixation of HSRP  
a.    Payment confirmation receipt
b.    Registration certificate of vehicle.

16.    I can't find my vehicle brand (OEM) for ordering HSRP?

You can only book for those vehicles whose brand nearness are displayed in the web screen. For other brands which are not displayed, we are not authorized to process the HSRP order. Please get in touch with your dealer.

17. Facing issue in making payment?

Might be some "popups" are blocking your screen in your browser and are not allow you to open the payment gateway window. Enable the popup browser, and try again.

18.    What is the process to cancel/edit my order?

There is an option at the web screen "Cancel Order".

19.    Is there any option that I can cancel/_edit my order?

The HSRP is a customized and specifically manufactured as per your order. It is advisable to confirm twice, the vehicle details before confirmation of order.
You can't edit your order, you may cancel the same within 4 hrs. from the booking of order. We will not be able to cancel the order after 4 hrs from the time of placing of order, since the
HSRP/sticker would have manufactured by then,
On successful cancellation the amount will be refunded within six-eight working days.

20.    I have got the refund of the transaction, whereas I have not cancelled my transaction?

This transaction has been refused by Payment gateway, please process the new order.

21. Have cancelled my order, when will i get the refund?

Refund process will start within 2 hours and should reflect in your account if transacted through UPI, within 3 to a working days; if transacted through Private bank 4-5 working days and if transacted nationalized banks in 7 to 8 working days.

22.    I have update wrong details, what will I do?

Please cancel the order within 4 hrs. of ordering and place the new Order. The Company will not be held responsible, if the order got processed and HSRP is prepared. You have to bear cost or any enforcement issues from the authorities.

23.    What will happen to my payment, if I cancel my order?

The company will immediately process the refund and a confirmation will be provided.

24.    What is the process/procedure if any dispute/issue is being raised?

A screen is displayed on the website, contact us to access email id and contact details for Grievance related to fitment at dealer point/home service.

25.    I am not able to download the payment receipt?

Visit, update the details as asked and click on "Track your Order". The receipt will be e-mailed to you at your registered e-mail id.

26.    What are Warranty terms and conditions for HSRP?

HSRP Plate bears five years' warranty only for Reflective sheeting as defined in Rule 50 of CMVR, 1989 Following are the Exclusions: The Warranty will not be valid in case if the HSRP Plate is :-

a)    wiped/rubbed/scratched with harsh abrasive material, petrol /diesel /grease, detergents, acid, alkaline solutions, chemicals, solvent, abrasive cleaners, caustic cleaners, carbon or soot removers, degreasers, descales, deoxidizers, desmutters, detergents, disinfectants, sanitizers, biocides, germicides, sporicides, strippers (removers for paint, coatings, photoresists, adhesives, sealants or other resin materials) or any other removers.
b)    Accidental damages
c)    Any additional drills made/screws fitted plates
d)    Damage during fitment by dealer
e)    Mishandled cases — Bent/Warp Plates



1. HSRPs were introduced in India in 2012 to improve vehicle security and reduce theft. (Source: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways)

2. The use of HSRPs is mandatory for all vehicles in India, including cars, bikes, and commercial vehicles. (Source: Regional Transport Offices (RTOs)

3. HSRPs are issued by the RTOs and are linked to the vehicle's registration number. (Source: RTOs)

4. The plates are made of a special material that is difficult to tamper with and has a unique design to prevent counterfeiting. (Source: HSRP manufacturers)

5. HSRPs have a unique identification number that is linked to the vehicle's chassis number, making it difficult to swap or tamper with the plates. (Source: HSRP manufacturers)

6. The plates are designed to be easily readable and recognizable, with a combination of letters and numbers in a specific format. (Source: HSRP manufacturers)

7. HSRPs are issued for a period of 15 years, after which they need to be renewed. (Source: RTOs)

8. The cost of obtaining an HSRP in India varies from state to state, but it typically ranges from 200 to 500 rupees. (Source: RTOs)

9. The process of obtaining an HSRP involves submitting only on online application (as state in FAQ) providing the necessary documents, and paying the required fee. (Source: FAQs)

10. HSRPs have helped to reduce vehicle theft in India, as they make it easier for law enforcement agencies to identify and trace stolen vehicles. (Source: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways)

11. According to data from the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, the use of HSRPs has resulted in a 30% decrease in vehicle theft cases in India. (Source: Ministry of Road Transport and Highways)

12. HSRPs have also helped to improve traffic management in India, as they make it easier for authorities to identify and track vehicles. (Source: Traffic police departments)

13. The use of HSRPs has also facilitated the implementation of other transportation-related initiatives, such as the odd-even rule in Delhi. (Source: Delhi Transport Department)

14. HSRPs have been particularly effective in the National Capital Region (NCR), where vehicle theft was a major concern. (Source: NCR Police Department)

15. According to a study by the Indian Express, the use of HSRPs has resulted in a 50% decrease in vehicle theft cases in the NCR. (Source: Indian Express)

16. HSRPs have also been successful in other major cities, such as Mumbai, Bengaluru, and Chennai. (Source: Local police departments)

17. However, there have been some issues with the implementation of HSRPs, such as delays in the issuance of plates and difficulties in obtaining them for older vehicles. (Source: RTOs)

18. Some vehicle owners have also complained about the cost of obtaining an HSRP, which can be a significant expense for those with lower incomes. (Source: Local media reports)

19. Despite these challenges, the use of HSRPs has generally been well-received by vehicle owners and law enforcement agencies in India. (Source: Local media reports)

20. The success of HSRPs in India has prompted other countries to consider implementing similar systems. (Source: International media reports)

21. For example, Pakistan has recently introduced a similar system, and other countries in the region are considering following suit. (Source: International media reports)

22. The use of HSRPs has also raised awareness about the importance of vehicle security and the need for more effective measures to prevent theft. (Source: Local media reports)

23. In addition to HSRPs, other measures such as vehicle tracking systems and immobilizers have become more popular in India. (Source: Local media reports)

24. The success of HSRPs in India has also led to the development of new technologies and innovations in the field of vehicle security. (Source: Industry reports)

25. For example, some companies have developed mobile apps that allow vehicle owners to track their vehicles and receive alerts in case of any suspicious activity. (Source: Industry reports)


As we traverse the dynamic landscape of vehicular regulation and security enhancement, the advent of High-Security Registration Plates beckons a paradigm shift towards a safer, more interconnected future. While beset by challenges and teething issues, the inherent promise of HSRPs in fortifying security, streamlining enforcement, and fostering technological advancement remains resolute. By embracing innovation, surmounting obstacles, and upholding the collective vision of a digitally fortified nation, we pave the way for a transportation ecosystem steeped in safety, efficiency, and resilience.

The journey towards a secure and efficient transportation system requires collective effort and forward-thinking solutions. HSRPs represent a crucial step in this direction, fostering a future where our streets are not just arteries of movement, but arteries of safety and progress. By embracing innovation, addressing concerns thoughtfully, and working together collaboratively, we can pave the way for a brighter future, where security and efficiency drive our journeys on the open road

HSRP, despite its initial hiccups, has proven to be a significant move towards a safer and secure vehicular environment in India. It reflects the country's innovative approach to addressing security concerns while also demonstrating our commitment to public safety. While the journey to 100% adoption is long and fraught with challenges, we, as a nation, need to embrace this change for a better tomorrow.

"Innovation is the beacon that illuminates the path to progress, guiding nations towards a future fortified by resilience and connectivity." - Elon Musk

Category : Automobile


Written by DEEPAK SHENOY @ kmssons